By Brenda Ralph Lewis

ISBN-10: 1435132769

ISBN-13: 9781435132764

From airborne dirt and dust jacket flap. This booklet finds a catalog of wrongdoings perpetrated through popes over the centuries, a checklist that has been ordinarily saved from the general public eye. plenty of old evidence with fantastically illustrated images.

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Extra resources for A dark history : the Popes : vice, murder and corruption in the Vatican

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But he proved too soft for the task. When he applied gentle persuasion on the Cathars to convert to Catholicism, he soon discovered that they were intensely stubborn and refused even to consider such an idea. Bernard of Clairvaux, acting on Pope Eugene's behalf, managed a few conversions, but not nearly enough to make the major difference required to extinguish the Cathar sect. 40 GENOCIDE: THE CATHARS, PART I Pope Innocent Ill appears in this medieval manuscript illustration in the act of excommunicating the Albigenses, a name generally given to heretics.

Retreat, intending, perhaps, to put enough distance between themselves and their attackers to regroup and launch an assault of their own. But there was no chance of that. A crowd of young men, spoiling for a fight, grabbed spears, sticks and other makeshift weapons ... Eventually, there were no survivors, and having disposed of the entire population, Amaury's crusaders prepared to loot and pillage the empty houses. Beziers was an affluent town, offering plenty of prizes and valuables of all kinds.

Used this way they truly became weapons of terror and were greatly feared for the way they disfigured anyone standing in their path. The ballista, which was invented by the Romans, was much like the hand-held crossbow but on a much A siege tower (top) enabled an attacking army to draw level with the defenders of a besieged town and fire their arrows directly at them. The battering ram (bottom) was a crude but effective weapon for breaking down walls, while the sharpened stake (in background) could destroy a wall by picking its stones apart.

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A dark history : the Popes : vice, murder and corruption in the Vatican by Brenda Ralph Lewis


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