By Edwin S. Hunt, James Murray
A heritage of industrial in Medieval Europe, 1200-1550, demolishes the generally held view that the word "medieval business" is an oxymoron. The authors overview the whole diversity of industrial in medieval western Europe, probing its Roman and Christian background to find the commercial and political forces that formed the association of agriculture, production, development, mining, transportation, and advertising. Then they care for the responses of businessmen to the devastating plagues, famines, and war that beset Europe within the overdue heart a while. Medieval businessmen's awesome luck in dealing with this opposed new setting ready the way in which for the commercial enlargement of the 16th century.
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Additional info for A History of Business in Medieval Europe, 1200-1550 (Cambridge Medieval Textbooks)
This involved the entire village community in a compulsory pattern of dividing the arable land into three parts, employing a third for a winter crop, a third for a summer crop, and leaving the rest fallow. The fields were rotated annually, maintaining soil fertility while increasing production, often improving grain harvests by over fifty percent. With the gradual spread of the three-field system from the great grain growing regions of northern France to much of central Europe, the landscape of Europe was transformed.
The second walling of Bruges in increased that city’s extent by six times. Monarchs with increasing resources mobilized large forces of men and materials to project their power into newly-acquired parts of their kingdoms, as in the cases of the construction of the port of Aigues-Mortes by Louis IX in the s, and erection of the numerous Welsh castle-towns by Edward I in the late thirteenth century. And the population boom by itself, especially in the towns, ensured plenty of continuous small-scale building.
The spinning wheel increased the productivity of wool spinning over the traditional drop-spindle by at least three times, but its use was limited mainly to weft yarns and was banned in many places for spinning warp yarns. A second great advance was the spread of the treadle-operated horizontal loom during the twelfth century, which permitted efficient manufacture of cloths of much greater length and tighter, more uniform weave than the old vertical loom. This was followed in the thirteenth century by the horizontal broadloom, which not only had the desired effect of producing cloth of double width, but also eventually brought weaving productivity to a level not exceeded until the late eighteenth century.
A History of Business in Medieval Europe, 1200-1550 (Cambridge Medieval Textbooks) by Edwin S. Hunt, James Murray