By Moshe Gil
This was once the 1st complete historical past of Palestine from the Muslim conquest in 634 to that of the Crusaders in 1099. it's a 1992 translation and revised model of quantity I of Palestine in the course of the First Muslim interval which was once released in Hebrew in 1983 and provides an authoritative survey of the early mediaeval Islamic and Jewish worlds. in response to a powerful array of resources together with records from the Cairo Geniza assortment, the writer examines the lives of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim groups of Palestine opposed to a heritage of the political and armed forces occasions of the interval. particular cognizance is paid to the heritage of Palestinian Jews lower than Muslim rule. a necessary source for college students and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish heritage, non secular reviews and for a person attracted to the background of the Holy Land.
Professor Gil starts off by way of reviewing the political and army occasions in Palestine earlier than and after the Arab invasion. Later chapters discover the Abbasid, Tiiliinid, Ikhshidid and Fatimid sessions, in which time Palestine used to be a nearly perpetual battlefield for states, armies and factions. by contrast backdrop of clash and administrative alterations, the writer portrays the standard lifetime of Palestine and its population. He appears on the monetary background of Palestine- its agriculture, delivery amenities, exports and platforms of taxation- in addition to the non secular prestige ofJerusalem, the character of Islam's tolerance in the direction of Jews and Christians and the prestige, management and customs of the Christian population. particular realization is paid to the historical past of Palestinian Jews lower than Muslim rule. Professor Gil info their topography, fiscal actions and non secular existence; he explores the Karaite and Samaritan groups and discusses the position of the main popular Jewish establishment, the yeshiva.
"A historical past of Palestine, 634-1099" is predicated on a powerful array of assets. Professor Gil has conscientiously learn the greater than 1,000 files of the Cairo Geniza assortment and those are paralleled by means of Arabic, Syriac, Latin and Greek fabric. This enormous research may be learn via scholars and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish heritage and spiritual reports and through a person attracted to the historical past of the Holy Land.
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Extra info for A History of Palestine, 634-1099
According to Ibn al-Rahib, 121, Heraclius' decrees required the apostasy ofbothJews and Samaritans. The Tolldii, the Samaritan chronicle, however, tells of the crucifying of 'a great number of people from among the Samaritans' precisely by 'Khuzray [corrected reading] King of Assyria', and there it appears to have taken place four years prior to the renewed conquest ofPalestine by the Byzantines, that is apparently in 624; see Neubauer, Chronique samaritai11e, 23 (in the original text); the dates in the Samaritan chronicles are completely confused and should not be taken into account.
The Tolldii, the Samaritan chronicle, however, tells of the crucifying of 'a great number of people from among the Samaritans' precisely by 'Khuzray [corrected reading] King of Assyria', and there it appears to have taken place four years prior to the renewed conquest ofPalestine by the Byzantines, that is apparently in 624; see Neubauer, Chronique samaritai11e, 23 (in the original text); the dates in the Samaritan chronicles are completely confused and should not be taken into account. Thus one chronicle mentions that when 'the Ishmaelites came and conquered the land of the Philistines', the great priest was Nethanel; but on the other hand, it states that the death of Abii Bakr (which happened prior to the conquest of Palestine) took place during the time of Nethanel's successor, Eleazar; see the chronicle in Adler et Seligsohn, RE], 45(1902), 241; see Birmester, 13, on the Coptic fast.
3  Facts of this kind show up here and there in the Muslim traditions, and the virtual starvation of the Muslims at the outset of their campaigns is not concealed. One of the chief Muslim commanders during the invasion of Palestine, 'Amr ibn al-'A~, who was later to head the army which conquered Egypt, met a Byzantine commander in the Gaza area. The latter tried to convince him of the so-called 'family ties' that existed between the two camps - the Christians and the Muslims. 'Very well', 'Amr replied, 'then we shall take half your rivers and towns and in return, give you half of our thistles and stones'.
A History of Palestine, 634-1099 by Moshe Gil