By Nikolai Krementsov
Much like Vladimir Lenin, his onetime rival for the management of the Bolshevik get together in the course of its adolescence, Alexander Bogdanov (1873–1928) used to be a visionary. In technological know-how fiction novels set on Mars, Bogdanov imagined a destiny within which the staff of the area, liberated from capitalist exploitation, create a “physiological collective” that rejuvenates and unites its individuals via ordinary blood exchanges. yet Bogdanov used to be now not only a dreamer. He labored tirelessly to popularize and observe his imaginative and prescient, founding the 1st examine institute dedicated to the technological know-how of blood transfusion.
In A Martian Stranded on Earth, the 1st broad-based ebook on Bogdanov in English, Nikolai Krementsov examines Bogdanov’s roles as progressive, novelist, and scientist, featuring his protagonist as a coherent philosopher who pursued his principles in a variety of venues. during the lens of Bogdanov’s involvement with blood reviews on one hand, and of his fictional and philosophical writings at the different, Krementsov bargains a nuanced research of the interactions among medical principles and societal values.
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Additional resources for A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood Transfusions, and Proletarian Science
In September, Fedorov took a leave of absence from his VMA clinic and appointed Shamov as its acting head. With Fedorov’s blessings, Shamov immediately organized a small group of undergraduate and graduate students to study blood groups, to manufacture the standard sera for blood typing, and to expand the use of blood transfusions in his own clinical practice. Shamov’s 1921 article—the first original publication on the subject of blood transfusions in Soviet Russia—resulted in a stream of letters from physicians all over the country asking for details of Shamov’s operations, particularly the determination of blood groups, as well as sera for blood typing.
Petersburg committee of the Bolshevik Party, working on the preparations for the party’s general congress, which was to convene in London the next year. Bogdanov came to London and delivered two key reports to the congress: on the armed uprising and on the party’s internal organization. In a clear recognition of his contributions, the congress elected Bogdanov to the party’s ruling body, its Central Committee. At the time of the first Russian revolution, of 1905–6, Bogdanov represented the Bolsheviks in the St.
44 By the time Narkomzdrav issued its decree establishing the Institute of Blood Transfusion in Moscow in the spring of 1926, a sizable community of transfusiologists had emerged in Soviet Russia, with a number of eminent surgeons and therapists advocating the adoption of the procedure in medical practice and lobbying for the creation of specialized research institutions. These developments clearly reflected Russian scientists’ continuous contacts with their Western colleagues, as well as their untiring efforts to use the newborn Soviet state to advance their own intellectual and institutional agendas, particularly in creating “big science” research institutions.
A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood Transfusions, and Proletarian Science by Nikolai Krementsov