By Anthony Kenny
Sir Anthony Kenny the following maintains his interesting account of the heritage of philosophy, concentrating on the thousand-year-long medieval interval. this can be the second one quantity of a four-book set within which Kenny will spread a magisterial new background of Western philosophy, the 1st significant single-author heritage of philosophy to seem in decades.
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Additional info for A New History of Western Philosophy: Volume 2: Medieval Philosophy
14 Al-Farabi made a clear distinction between grammar and logic, which he regarded as a preparatory tool for philosophy. Philosophy proper, for him, had three divisions: physics, metaphysics, and ethics. Psychology was a part 12 See William Lane Craig, The Kalam Cosmological Argument (London: Macmillan, 1979). 13 This is set out in detail in Ch. 5 below. 14 See vol. i, p. 246. 35 PHILOSOPHY AND FAITH of physics, and theology was a quite separate discipline that studied the attributes of God as rewarder and punisher.
But it has also an imperishable, ethereal body made out of light. Thus it passes beyond love of beauty in search of Truth, a pursuit that brings it into contact with the ideal realities of the world of Mind. But it has a faculty higher than that of thought, and that brings it, by mystical ecstasy, into union with the One. The theory of triads bears some resemblance to the Christian doctrine of the Trinity, but in fact Proclus, though a devotee of many superstitions, was bitterly hostile to Christianity.
When translated into Latin in Toledo around 1150 it had an enormous inXuence on the Latin philosophy of the Middle Ages. 15 Quoted in J. L. Esposito, Islam: The Straight Path (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991), 57. 16 His own Metaphysics is much more than a commentary on Aristotle; it is a thoroughly thought-out original system. The book, in ten treatises, falls into two parts: the Wrst Wve books treat of ontology, the science of being in general; the remaining books are devoted principally to natural theology.
A New History of Western Philosophy: Volume 2: Medieval Philosophy by Anthony Kenny