By Alfred G. Knudson Jr. (auth.), Harry Harris, Kurt Hirschhorn (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461582679

ISBN-13: 9781461582670

ISBN-10: 1461582695

ISBN-13: 9781461582694

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These pedigrees are consistent with dominant inheritance. Some families in this group show a high association of this cancer with obesity, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. 22,184 A stigmatizing condition associated with endometrial cancer is the Stein-Leventhal syndrom~, an endocrine dysplasia characterized by amenorrhea, sterility, hirsutism, obesity, and ovarian cystS. 133 The syndrome may be dominantly inherited. 51 On the other hand, carcinoma of the cervix uteri is rarely, if ever, inherited, although Rotkin 251 has found an excess of skin cancer among relatives of cervical cancer patients and has suggested a predisposition to squamous epithelial neoplasia.

Germinal and Teratoid Tumors Included in the category of germinal and teratoid tumors are seminoma, dysgerminoma, choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, ter- Chapter 1: Genetics and Etiology of Human Cancer 37 atoma, dermoid cyst, and teratocarcinoma. Some tumors demonstrate more than one component, and malignant tumors may arise from a partially differentiated sector of a teratoma. The sites at which the tumors occur are varied, the most common being the gonads and the sacrococcygeal area, with the exception of the gestational form of choriocarcinoma.

161 ,206,283 The association of pulmonary fibrosis and lung cancer has also been noted in other pedigrees. 24,63 In reviewing the whole problem of genetic predisposition to lung cancer, Mulvihill218 has raised the possibility that pulmonary fibrosis and lung cancer may be associated via a genetic predisposition to scleroderma. This association could also be mediated via a heritable immunological abnormality, especially in view of the occurrence of two cases of lung cancer in a pedigree afflicted with lymphoproliferative disorders.

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Advances in Human Genetics 8 by Alfred G. Knudson Jr. (auth.), Harry Harris, Kurt Hirschhorn (eds.)

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