By John Holm

ISBN-10: 0511039859

ISBN-13: 9780511039850

ISBN-10: 0521584604

ISBN-13: 9780521584609

ISBN-10: 0521585813

ISBN-13: 9780521585811

This textbook is a transparent and concise creation to the learn of the way new languages come into being. beginning with an outline of the field's easy strategies, it surveys the hot languages that constructed because of the eu growth to the Americas, Africa, Asia and the Pacific. lengthy misunderstood as "bad" types of eu languages, this day such forms as Jamaican Creole English, Haitian Creole French and New Guinea Pidgin are famous as special languages of their personal correct.

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Additional info for An Introduction to Pidgins and Creoles (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics)

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The first published grammar of any creole language was Jochum Melchor Magens’ Grammatica over det Creolske sprog, som bruges paa de trende Danske Eilande, St. Croix, St. Thomas og St. Jans i Amerika (Copenhagen, 1770). 3) creole spoken by whites, and he had studied philology in Denmark. His work contained a 24-page grammar on a Latin model and 43 pages of dialogue translated into Danish, as well as 3 pages of proverbs. In 1777 the Moravian missionary Christian Oldendorp published a history of the mission containing a dozen pages on the creole.

Still more remote must be the influence of African on Creole grammar. It is rather in the phonetic structure of the Creole, in the dislike of an accumulation of consonants, the preference, especially marked in the Negro English of Surinam, for a final vowel, that such influence may with more likelihood be traced. (124) This appears to be the first salvo in a battle that is not yet over – whether the Atlantic creoles are European or African languages – the most extreme positions on which were taken by Faine (1936) and Sylvain (1936) respectively.

This may have been caused by the language shift of an entire speech community, such as the adoption of Old High German by Romance-speaking Jews, producing Yiddish, or the adoption of English by Puerto Ricans in New York, producing Nuyorican. 3 Other terms indigenized varieties that have taken root abroad (such as Singapore English), are not creoles or even semi-creoles because they have undergone significantly less restructuring. Nor are interlanguages (intermediate varieties of a target language spoken by foreign learners) to be considered pidgins (since they lack shared norms or stability) or even jargons (since they are targeted toward the native-speaker’s variety and are not confined to a particular domain).

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An Introduction to Pidgins and Creoles (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics) by John Holm

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