By Otfried Höffe
This is often an English translation of Otfried Hoffe's research, initially in German, offering the existence and works of Aristotle, revealing him as a contemporary, forward-thinking thinker. matters of ethics, politics, metaphysics, psychology, biology and rhetoric are all mentioned and Aristotle can be in comparison to more than a few different philosophers, in particular these of German beginning. Hoffe has been a number one contributor to debates on ethical, felony, political and philosophical matters for nearly thirty years.
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I 1, 100b23 ff. and SE 11). Given that a commitment to truth cannot be ensured from within the argumentation, and that, on the contrary, dialectic can be Fo r m s o f R a t i o n a l i t y 37 abused as mere technique, a good (moral) inclination (euphyia) is also necessary in addition to intellectual dexterity. The “dialectician” must provide the readiness to chose what is true and avoid what is false (Top. VIII 14, 163b12–16). The two other types of dialectical debates are less formalized. In an exchange of views, that is, a chance discussion, one discusses with untrained persons on the basis of their opinion, and in a philosophical or scientific discussion, first a multitude of views is deployed and then their pros and contras are discussed.
PRODUCTIVE Natural Science Applied: Pure: Astronomy, Arithmetic, Harmony, Geometry etc. Philosophical Foundation 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. II. PRACTICAL Ethics Cosmology Meteorology Psychology1 Secondarily, psychology belongs partly to mathematics, partly to first philosophy. Botany will be practised only by Theophrastus. Rhetoric belongs also to II, but because of its neutral value it belongs chiefly to III. Not practised by Aristotle. This is present only as theory in Aristotle. Politics Zoology Rhetoric3 (Botany)2 Crafts4 Poetry5 Medicine etc.
Metaph. I 1, 981a18 ff; on the value of empeiria, cf. also EN VI 8, 1141b18). In a similar way, competence in philosophy does not include any competence in individual sciences. The fact that for knowledge philosophy does not have the same rank as, say, happiness has for practical life, that is, that it is not a perfect knowledge that lacks nothing, contributes to the epistemic emancipation of the individual sciences. Put simply, the history of philosophy has known an epistemological polarity of “empiricist” disregard for, and “idealist” overestimation of, the general.
Aristotle by Otfried Höffe